The General Data Protection Regulation, also known as GDPR, has evolved into a critical resource for companies or any kind of organization that stores their clients, customers, or anyone else’s privacy /personal data. This helps in preserving the company’s privacy rights and winning the trust of customers and clients. In this article, we will be going through the fundamentals of GDPR compliance, including it’s components, requirements, principles, and crucial considerations.
What is GDPR?
The General Data Protection Rule (GDPR) is an EU data protection and privacy rule that applies to all individuals in the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA). The GDPR’s primary goal is to give citizens and residents back control over their personal data while also simplifying the regulatory environment for international business by unifying regulations inside the EU. It accomplishes this by repealing the 1995 Data Protection Directive (Directive 95/46/EC).
To whom does GDPR apply?
The GDPR applies to all enterprises, regardless of location, that provide products or services to individuals in the EU. It also applies to organizations that monitor individuals’ activity in the EU, even if they do not directly offer products or services to them.
GDPR compliance requirements
The GDPR imposes a variety of obligations on enterprises that process personal data, including:
- Obtaining individuals’ consent before collecting or processing their personal data
- Individuals should have access to their personal data and the ability to have it removed.
- Data breaches must be reported to supervisory authorities within 72 hours.
- Putting in place adequate technical and organizational security measures to safeguard personal data
- Individuals should be able to object to the processing of their personal data.
What are the GDPR’s components?
The GDPR contains 99 articles and 173 recitals. The articles outline the GDPR’s particular requirements, while the recitals provide additional clarification and assistance.
Articles: The GDPR’s articles are the fundamental components of the rule. They include particular restrictions and requirements that organizations, data controllers, and data processors must adhere to while dealing with personal data. The articles define data subjects’ (individuals whose data is being processed) rights as well as the obligations of those processing the data. These articles include topics such as consent, data protection officers, data breach reporting, and data transfer beyond the EU, among others.
Recitals: The GDPR’s recitals provide context and clarification for the articles. They act as explanations or justifications for the rules outlined in the articles. Recitals provide information on how to interpret and apply the requirements of the GDPR. While they are not legally binding in and of themselves, they are necessary for understanding the legislative intent behind the law and can be cited in legal debates and judgments.
What are the GDPR’s guiding principles?
The GDPR is founded on seven fundamental principles:
- Personal data must be processed in accordance with the law, fairly, and transparently.
- Personal data must only be acquired for specified, stated, and lawful purposes.
- Data minimization means processing only the personal data required for the reason for which it was obtained.
- Personal information must be correct and up to date.
- Personal data shall be stored for no longer than is required for the purpose for which it was obtained.
- Personal data must be protected against unauthorized access, use, disclosure, alteration, or destruction to maintain its integrity and confidentiality.
- Accountability: Organizations must be able to demonstrate GDPR compliance.
What is the significance of the GDPR?
The GDPR is significant because it provides individuals with greater control over their personal data while also establishing stricter restrictions for corporations that process it. This is significant because personal data is becoming increasingly valuable and can be used to discriminate against people, commit fraud, or invade their privacy. The GDPR also serves to level the playing field for enterprises operating in the EU by shielding them from fines for noncompliance.